If you would like to have a document added, please email it to the Western Homelessness Networker:

The cost effectiveness of Australian tenancy support programs for formerly homeless people
19th November 2015
  by AHURI

The cost effectiveness of Australian tenancy support programs for formerly homeless people
This report provides an Australia-wide review of National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness (NPAH) programs which assist clients to access and maintain a social housing tenancy or support existing social housing tenants at risk of homelessness maintain their tenancies.

Link to document:

6th November 2015
  by Family Planning Queensland

A guide to reponding to sexual behaviours in children and young people.

Download here (2557kb)
Entries and exits from homelessness: a dynamic analysis of the relationship between structural condi
16th October 2015
  by AHURI: Guy Johnson et al

This research project examines how housing and labour markets, social deprivation and other area-level factors interact with individual risk factors to influence housing instability. It provides new insight into ways to prevent homelessness and help vulnerable households remain housed.

The study utilised micro-level longitudinal data from Journeys Home (JH) and housing market data from the 2011 Census to econometrically model the probability of being homeless as well as the probability of entry and exit from homelessness.

It found that men are prone to higher rates of homelessness both because they are more likely to fall into homelessness, as well as less likely to escape homelessness.

Long-term ill-health also predisposes people to homelessness, but diagnosis of mental health reduces likelihood of homelessness, possibly because diagnosis means people are more likely to receive assistance relative to those undiagnosed.

As expected, risky behaviour (drinking, smoking and drug use) raises the chances of entering homelessness, as does a previous spells of homelessness. Such people are at higher risk of becoming and remaining homeless irrespective of the condition of local housing and labour markets.

However, for individuals without behavioural issues, the risk of becoming and remaining homeless is more closely tied to the condition of local housing and labour markets. The chance of becoming homeless is greater in regions with higher median rents and slack labour markets.

Although individuals married or in a de facto relationship are less likely to enter homelessness, if they do become homeless there is a significantly lower likelihood of escape as compared to singles.

Exiting homelessness is much more likely for some groups than others, with younger people exiting more easily than older people. Current employment status does seem to be related to exits with some connection to the labour market better than none.

Link to document:

Measuring the difference we make: The state-of-play of outcomes measurement in the community sector
11th October 2015
  by The University of Western Australia Centre for Social Impact

The term ‘outcomes measurement’ refers to the measurement of the difference that an initiative, program or organisation makes to the lives of people they engage with. Outcomes measurement provides evidence on whether initiatives, programs and organisations are making a difference to the lives of people they serve. It is an important basis of learning within organisations of what works and what doesn’t work. Outcomes measurement also provides the foundation stone for evaluation, strategic planning and good governance, and is critical to good decision-making in respect of the appropriate allocation of resources by funders.

This study finds outcomes measurement at a tipping point in Western Australia. Our mapping of outcomes measurement in Western Australia and consultations with community sector stakeholders in Western Australia suggest not simply a growing interest in outcomes measurement and a broad appetite for progress and change, but that community sector organisations, big and small, as well as funders, are implementing or seeking to implement a systematic, well-grounded outcomes measurement framework in their organisations and through their funding programs. Community organisations and the funders of programs are also moving towards more strategic use of the outputs of outcomes measurement and connecting measurement with strategy and performance improvement.

Download here (2622kb)
Map of services in Yarra
9th October 2015
  by Yarra Mental Health Alliance

The Yarra Mental Health Alliance have provided the attached outline and map of community services in the City of Yarra.

Frequent Service User Forum Notes
21st August 2015
  by Western Homelessness Network Coordinator

On 6 August 2015 the Northern and Western Homelessness Networks held a 'Frequent Service Users' Forum.

Launch Housing presented on their Frequent Service User project, which has the aims of


* identifying those families and individuals for whom homelessness is not resolved, despite recurrent contact with the homelessness system

* helping prevent future episodes of homelessness for these people

* alerting the service to the presentation of those likely to become the most frequent services users so that a more effective service system approach can be developed.


The Forum was attended by representatives of homelessness agencies, mental health services and DHHS.  Attendees expressed a great deal of enthusiasm for progressing this work on a Sector level.

Children and Homelessness Fact Sheet
21st August 2015
  by Statewide Children's Resource Program

The Statewide Children's Resource Coordinators have produced the attached fact sheet on children and homelessness. 

Download here (1348kb)
Dropping off the edge 2015: Persistent Communal Disadvantage in Australia
21st July 2015
  by Jesuit Social Services and Catholic Social Services Australia

The concept of ‘social disadvantage’ that informs the present study refers to a range of difficulties that reduce a person’s opportunities in life and prevent people from participating fully in society.

This study, covering all Australian states and territories, is based on indicators or ‘signposts’
which, taken in combination, help to identify areas of concentrated disadvantage. The primary purpose is not to reveal causal patterns. Instead, by over-laying the spatial distributions of varied but conceptually related characteristics, the intention is to bring into focus areas of concentrated disadvantage.

The report, Dropping off the Edge, published by Catholic Social Services and Jesuit Social Services, found that experiences of disadvantage in Australia are not evenly distributed across the community, but instead are geographically concentrated, complex and persistent. 

Broadmeadows and Braybrook are identified in the top 10 most disadvantaged postcode areas in Victoria.

The report, Dropping off the Edge, published by Catholic Social Services and Jesuit Social Services, found that experiences of disadvantage in Australia are not evenly distributed across the community, but instead are geographically concentrated, complex and persistent. - See more here

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Evaluation of the Homelessness IAPs Summative Evaluation Report
9th July 2015
  by KPMG, released by DHHS

The Department of Health and Human Services has released the evaluation of the Homelessness Innovation Action Projects (IAPs).

The IAPs were an initiative established to trial new methods of service delivery in the homelessness sector. The IAPs specifically focused on early intervention and prevention of homelessness delivered through integration service models. The IAPs were unique in that they allowed the sector to drive innovation in designing and delivering services based on the sector’s specialist knowledge and experience in delivering services to address homelessness.

The initiative was delivered in two stages:

  • Stage 1 comprised 11 projects trailing service models over an 18 month period from April 2012 to September 2013 with $15 million funding provided.
  • Stage 2 comprised a refined set of seven services (selected from the original 11 IAPs) which were funded to continue to trial effective service models and, some to expand the models implemented in Stage 1. A total of $15.9 million funding was provided for Stage 2 for the period October 2013 – June 2015.

Melbourne Street to Home: Final Evaluation Report
1st July 2015
  by HomeGround

The Final Evaluation Report for the Melbourne Street to Home (MS2H) program has been released. The Report urges policy makers to develop early intervention strategies for young people who experience homelessness. 

The final evaluation into the program found those people who first became homeless as adults had more chance of maintaining housing than those who experienced homelessness for the first time as teenagers.

The report found 79% of those who became homeless as adults supported by Melbourne Street to Home maintained their housing compared to 62% of  those who had become homeless as young people.

Notes from Northern and Western Homelessness Networks Ice and AOD Reform Forum
29th June 2015
  by Western Homelessness Network Coordinator

Attached are the notes from the Northern and Western Homelessness Networks' Forum on 14 April 205 on Ice and the AOD reforms.

Notes: Western Housing Information Briefing
26th June 2015
  by Western Homelessness Network Coordinator

Attached are some notes from the Department of Health and Human Services Information Session on the new public housing application process and the new Housing website.

The powerpoint for the presentation can be found here.

Western Homelessness Network Family Violence Snapshot 2015
26th June 2015
  by Western Homelessness Network Coordinator

In April 2015 the Western Homelessness Network (WHN) undertook a data snapshot to assist in quantifying the intersection between homelessness and family violence. 

The WHN provided data on 2,289 individuals being supported by the WHN at the time of the snapshot. Of these 63% had experienced family violence.  In addition 103 individuals presented to the two Homelessness Access Points in the West on the day of the snapshot.  Of these, 33% had experienced family violence.  

Gambling and Family Violence Fact Sheet
26th June 2015
  by Women's Health in the North and Women's Health East

Recent international research shows that people with gambling issues are more likely to be victims or perpetrators of family violence than those people who do not have a gambling issue.

The attached fact sheet provides more information on the intersections.

Download here (6442kb)
Couch surfing students: The Yarra Ranges Youth Homelessness Prevention Project
3rd June 2015
  by Anchor Youth Services, Outer Eastern LLEN, Swinburne University, University of Western Australia

Australian Policy Online reports:


The Couch Surfing Secondary Students (CSSS): Yarra Ranges Youth Homelessness Prevention Project has developed out of a research partnership between Anchor Youth Services, the Outer Eastern Local Learning and Employment Network (OELLEN), Swinburne University and the University of Western Australia Centre for Social Impact.

The partnership emphasises the cross-sector nature of youth homelessness as falling in both the educational and community services contexts. Anchor is one of two youth homelessness agencies in the region that supports the Yarra Ranges. OELLEN aims to develop sustainable partnerships between schools and industry to support the retention, attainment and career pathways of at risk young people.

The study investigates the experiences of, and perceptions toward, couch surfing secondary students in the Yarra Ranges Shire. It seeks to provide evidence to better understand how to intervene earlier rather than later, and to ensure that services, like Anchor and OELLEN, are more able to effectively support the needs of schools who are at the ‘coalface’ of early stage homelessness in youth.

Download here (5773kb)
Journeys Home Research Report No. 6 Complete Findings from Waves 1 to 6
1st June 2015
  by Melbourne Institute

In late 2010 the Australian Government commissioned the Melbourne Institute of Applied
Economic and Social Research (at the University of Melbourne) to design and implement a
new longitudinal survey of people who are experiencing homelessness, since named Journeys Home (JH).

This 6th and final report follows 1,682 participants over a 6 year period.

The report shows:

Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders (ATSI) are also more likely to be homeless, or primary homeless, relative to non-ATSI respondents. Likewise singles are more likely to be homeless than couples and respondents without resident children more so than respondents with children living with them.

When examining a range of key risk and protective factors associated with homelessness some interesting things stand out. First we know from prior research reports that JH respondents come from particularly disadvantaged backgrounds overall, with histories of family breakdown, conflict and violence.

However, these factors do not appear to substantially differentiate respondents who experience homelessness from those who do not. 3 Thus persons with adverse histories do not appear to be substantially more prone to homelessness than other similarly vulnerable people without these histories.

One exception where history seems to matter considerably however relates to incarceration. Respondents that have ever been incarcerated, whether in juvenile detention, adult prison, or remand, are particularly prone to homelessness, even when comparing to other similarly vulnerable people. The risk is especially high for respondents who spent a considerable amount of time (i.e., 12 months or more) in juvenile detention. This is true of overall homelessness and also of primary homelessness.

Download here (1980kb)
Report on Affordable Housing
22nd May 2015
  by Senate Standing Committee on Economics

The Senate Committee has released a report on The Australian Affordable Housing Challenge.

The Committee acknowledges:

"importance of affordable, secure and suitable housing as a vital determinant of wellbeing. But, based on the evidence, the committee finds that a significant number of Australians are not enjoying the security and comfort of affordable and appropriate housing—that currently Australia's housing market is not meeting the needs of all Australians. Sustained growth in median housing costs above the rate of median household income growth in recent decades has made it increasingly difficult for a growing proportion of Australians to afford housing that is safe, secure and appropriate to their needs. Added to the general decline in housing affordability, and indeed compounding the trend, the stock of affordable housing—that is, housing appropriate to the needs of low- to moderate-income households—has failed to keep pace with demand in recent decades"

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An Affordable Housing Reform Agenda
8th May 2015
  by National Peak Bodies

Peak community and housing groups have released ‘An Affordable Housing Reform Agenda’, calling on the Federal Government to work with them in developing a national housing strategy to address the worsening housing affordability crisis in Australia.

The Agenda, created by not-for-profit groups including ACOSS, Homelessness Australia, National Shelter and the Community Housing Federation of Australia, is a joint blueprint outlining reform priorities to achieve an efficient and affordable housing system that strengthens productivity and participation, including:

  • Reforming tax treatment of housing to remove distortions and improve affordability
  • Public and private investment in new affordable housing stock to address shortfall
  • Reform of urban planning, land and building regulation
  • Increasing the maximum rate and improving indexation of Commonwealth Rent Assistance to relieve rental stress
  • Reforming tenancy protections to provide more security for renters, and
  • Adequate and consistent funding for homelessness services to ensure Australia meets our goal of halving homelessness by 2020.


Download here (1992kb)
Evaluation of the nature and effectiveness of supportive housing models
8th May 2015
  by AHURI

This research project evaluated the effectiveness of supportive housing models. It found that they were generally effective at supporting tenants—many of whom had a history of chronic homelessness—to sustain tenancies and make improvements in their life.

Download here (1869kb)
Homelessness Funding Fact Sheet
8th May 2015
  by Homelessness Australia

Homelessness Australia has provided the attached Fact Sheet on types and sources of homelessness funding in Australia.

Anglicare Australia rental affordability snapshot 2015
8th May 2015
  by Anglicare

This report surveys private rental housing available across Australia; and tests its suitability – the cost and size – for different low income household types: couples, single parents and children, young people, pensioners, job seekers and people on the minimum wage.

This time members of the Anglicare Australia network surveyed over 65,600 properties on a weekend in early April, and once again there were almost no dwellings that were affordable for people on the lowest incomes, such as Newstart and Youth Allowance, as the attached media release and report testify.

The report itself also provides a breakdown of regional and metropolitan totals and a number of location based mini-reports, which are prepared by participating Anglicare network members.

The survey also includes an analysis of the impact of housing unaffordability, the consequences of living with housing stress, and Anglicare Australia’s key recommendations to resolve the problem. In essence, we are calling for secure and affordable housing for people living on low incomes being made a priority. It requires a national plan that involves governments, industry and the community sector working together.

Download here (1885kb)
Fuel on the Fire: ACOSS calls for restrictions on negative gearing
23rd April 2015
  by ACOSS

ACOSS is calling for action to restrict tax deductions for negatively geared property investments and the 50% discount on Capital Gains Tax, that are together costing the Budget $7 billion a year and fuelling housing price booms.

The report, ‘Fuel on the fire: Negative gearing, Capital Gains Tax and housing affordability’, dispels the myths that negative gearing makes rental housing more affordable and that the benefits mainly go to ‘mum and dad’ investors on middle incomes.

“Negative gearing and capital gains tax breaks must be front and centre in the tax reform conversation. It’s vital that the Government not rule out necessary reform in this area. This area of tax policy is shrouded in myth and those myths should be dispelled so that a sensible discussion can begin. That’s the purpose of this ACOSS Report,” said ACOSS CEO Dr Cassandra Goldie.

“Negative gearing and the tax break for capital gains don’t improve housing affordability; they make it worse by fuelling home price booms like the one in Sydney right now. Less than one tenth of negatively geared housing investments are for new properties, the other nine tenths bid up the price of existing housing.”

Bright Futures Child Evaluation Form
30th March 2015
  by Merri Outreach Support Services

Merri Outreach Support Services Bright Futures Child Evaluation Form

Bright Futures Child Evaluation Form
30th March 2015
  by Merri Outreach Support Services

Merri Outreach Support Services Bright Futures Child Evaluation Form

Opportunities for earlier intervention in family violence
30th March 2015
  by RMIT Centre for Innovative Justice

This report calls for earlier and more proactive intervention in family violence, arguing that while family violence has finally come to attention as a systemic wrong in need of a National Plan, a significant gap exists in our collective response.

Executive summary

This report turns the spotlight on perpetrators of family violence. In doing so, it calls for earlier and more proactive intervention - explaining that, while family violence has finally come to attention as a systemic wrong in need of a National Plan, a significant gap exists in our collective response. Equally, while victims of family violence must remain our priority, these victims will also remain at risk unless we step back and widen our gaze.

In other words, until we adjust the lens and bring those who use violence and coercion more clearly into view - until we intervene at the source of the problem - the cycle of this violence will simply roll on. This may manifest in assaults against the same or subsequent partners, in the damaging effects we know are experienced by children, in the behaviour of adolescents, or in the tragic escalation that can devastate an entire community. Either way, it will manifest as core business in our courts and as an ongoing drain on our economic and social wellbeing.

Download here (3031kb)
Merri Outreach Support Services Childrens Feedback Survey
30th March 2015
  by Merri Outreach Support Services

Merri Outreach Support Services Childrens Feedback Survey Form

A closure evaluation form for children anf young people

Kids Business Information for children who use the Specialist Homelessness Sectot
30th March 2015
  by North and West Regional Childrens Resource Program

Kids Business Information for Kids who use the Specialist Homelessness Sector

Rooming House Standards Taskforce: Chairperson's Report
13th March 2015
  by Victorian Government

The establishment of the Rooming House Standards Taskforce in 2009 as part of the State Government’s strategy to take “action on those predatory operators of intentionally sub-standard rooming houses who prey on some of the most vulnerable members of
our community”.

The report outlines the rooming house sector in Victoria, the profile of residents, the problems
with private rooming houses and describes a plan for action in the rooming house industry around the key
terms of reference of the Taskforce which were:
• Standards
• Compliance and Enforcement
• Registration and
• Supply.

The Cost of Youth Homelessness in Australia Study
17th February 2015
  by Swinburne University; UWA Centre for Social Impact; Charles Sturt University

This longitudinal study "attempts to understand both the experience and impact of homelessness on young people and its personal and societal costs.

Nearly 400 young Australians (most of whom were homeless or at very high risk of homelessness) have been interviewed over a three year period.

This first report explores the experiences of young people who are homeless.

The report finds:
* Over half of young people under 25 who are supported by homelessness services slept rough at least once before they were 18.

* 63% of those young people who were homeless had been in some form of out of home care before they were 18.

* 39% of those young people who were homeless said that the police had come to their house at least once as a result of family violence.

* 20% of young women who were homeless said they had attempted suicide or deliberately hurt themselves in a way that could kill them, in the past 6 months.

A second report will be released later in 2015 exploring the economic cost of youth homelessness.

Download here (4873kb)
Inter relationship between structural factors and individual factors in explaining homelessness
4th February 2015
  by Guy Johnson, Rosanna Scutella, Yi-Ping Tseng and Gavin Wood

This research project will examine how housing and labour markets, social deprivation and other area-level factors interact with individual risk factors to influence housing instability. It will provide new insight into ways to prevent homelessness and help vulnerable households remain housed. -  

See more:

Link to document:

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26 Young Women and Family Violence Community of Practice
18 National Youth Homelessness Conference: 18 and 19 March